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Aquaculture Studies 2017, Vol 17, Num, 4

Analysis of Heavy Metal Contents in the Edible Tissues of the Picarel (Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810) from the Southeastern Black Sea: Human Health Risk Assessment

Kenan GEDİK 1

1 Teknik Bilimler Meslek Yüksekokulu, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi, 53100, Rize, TÜRKİYE DOI : Viewed : 2908 - Downloaded : 1497 In this study, heavy metal concentrations (Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, Mn, Co and Ni) in the edible tissues of the picarel (Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810), caught on a monthly basis (September 2015 to July 2016) along the northeastern coast (Rize-Artvin) of Turkey were determined. The concentrations of Cd, Co and Mn were found to be below the detection limits, whereas the concentrations of Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr and Ni were 0.17-0.30; 5.41-10.95; 0.28-0.53; 0.16-0.42; 0.12-0.41 mg kg-1 (wet weight) respectively. The concentrations of Cd and Pb in the edible tissues of picarel were found to be below the maximum permissible limit values (Cd: 0.05 mg kg-1 ve Pb: 0.30 mg kg-1) published by the European Commission and Turkish Food Codex Regulation on Contaminants. Additionally, Hazard Quotient (HQ) calculated by the metal concentrations in the tissues and the consumption data, was detected not to be exceeded the HQ 1, specified as the limit value. In the light of these results, the consumption of picarel from sampling sites would not present any potential risk to human health for the above indicated metals. Keywords : Hazard Quotient, Southeasthern Black Sea, Cadmium, Lead