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Aquaculture Studies 2021, Vol 21, Num, 2     (Pages: 55-62)

Management Strategies for Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Hatchery in the Face of Climate Change Induced Rising Temperature

S. M. Ashiqul Alam 1 ,Md. Shirajul Islam Sarkar 2 ,Md. Mahbubul Alam Miah 3 ,Harunur Rashid 1

1 Bangladesh Agricultural University, Department of Fisheries Management, Mymensingh- 2202, Bangladesh.
2 Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Department of Fisheries Technology, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh
3 Scientist (Hub Manager), WorldFish, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
DOI : 10.4194/2618-6381-v21_2_02 Viewed : 2035 - Downloaded : 1646 In the quest for appropriate management strategies for less egg production in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) due to climate change induced increasing temperature, five treatments (T): shade with cloth over brood hapa (T1), increase in pond depth (T2), aeration (T3), combination of above three interventions (T4) and control (no intervention) (T5) were investigated in a commercial hatchery in Mymensingh, Bangladesh during April to September. Mean egg production in T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 was 20488, 15369, 3596, 21021 and 3979 eggs/hapa, respectively. T1 was the best strategy considered due to efficiency and simplicity. In May T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 produced highest 30859, 36119, 8997, 45876 and 5506 eggs/hapa at 29.69°C, 30.12°C, 29.96°C, 29.61°C, and 31.26°C temperature, respectively. The most suitable water temperature for highest egg production (20365 eggs/hapa) was 29-31°C. Egg production above 32°C was found to be very low (179 eggs/hapa). Suitable ranges of dissolved oxygen, pH, alkalinity, ammonia and turbidity for egg production were found to be 4.5-6.0 mg/L, 8.0-8.8, 105-150 mg/L, 0-0.5 mg/L and 15-35 cm, respectively. In high temperature months commercial fish hatcheries should use shed with cloth over brood hapa to produce higher amount eggs. Keywords : Nile tilapia Aquaculture Climate change Water quality Hatchery management