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Aquaculture Studies 2021, Vol 21, Num, 3     (Pages: 117-127)

Comparative Analysis of Egg Biochemical Composition and Egg Productivity Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) in Different Stations in Turkey

Birol Baki 1 ,Dilara Kaya Ozturk 1 ,Serhat Tomgisi 2

1 Sinop University, Faculty of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, Department of Aquaculture, Sinop, Turkey. 2Muğla Sıtkı Kocaman University, Faculty of Fisheries, Muğla, Turkey DOI : 10.4194/2618-6381-v21_3_04 Viewed : 472 - Downloaded : 235 In the study, two objectives were selected in determining the quality and efficiency of Oncorhynchus mykiss eggs obtained from different stations: (1) to determine the biochemical, amino and fatty acid composition and egg quality, (2) to study the effect of egg productivity on egg quality. The study was conducted in 5 different production areas which is produces the most rainbow trout eggs in Turkey. Broodstocks over 3 years old were randomly selected from the company. After the egg productivity analysis, biochemical analysis were conducted. The most abundant amino acid in all stations was glutamic acid, followed by leucine, lysine, in that order. Total amino acid and essential amino acid (EAA) values were between 30.40±0.93-44.47±0.43 and 15.69±0.25-23.88±0.07 g/100g, respectively. As a result of analysis of fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), oleic acid and linoleic acid values were higher than other fatty acids. In addition, polyunsaturated (PUFA) values were higher than saturated (SFA) and monounsaturated (MUFA) fatty acid values in the eggs obtained from all stations. Consequently, the amino and fatty acid values of rainbow trout eggs were determined to be sufficient for embryonic development of fish and this values showed rainbow trout eggs as potential source of food for human consumption. Keywords : Oncorhynchus mykiss, Fatty acid, Amino acid, Egg productivity, Egg quality