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Aquaculture Studies 2022, Vol 22, Num, 3     (Pages: AQUAST729)

Effect of Biofertilizers on the Integrated Culture of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia and Green Beans in Aquaponics

Syafiqah Saufie 1 ,Abentin Estim 1 ,Siti Raehanah M. Shaleh 1 ,Saleem Mustafa 1

1 Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, Borneo Marine Research Institute, 88450 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia DOI : 10.4194/AQUAST729 Viewed : 927 - Downloaded : 906 This study was designed to determine the effect of commercial biofertilizers, namely chitosan, Bacillus spp. and Effective Microorganism formulation on the production efficiency of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in an aquaponic system. The intended purpose was to examine if the production of the two integrated species can be optimized by cost-effective methods consistent with the concept of circular economy. While the biofertilizers performed water quality remediation as seen from the dynamics of turnover of ammonia (NH3), nitrite (NH2), nitrate (NO3) and phosphate (PO4) but produced no significant impact on growth of the fish, and the green bean could not attain the fruiting stage. Green beans that generally produce white-purplish flowers which transform into pods dropped off after one week on the plant. The water quality parameters: dissolved oxygen (5.54 to 6.12 mg/L), pH (6.9 to 7.0) and water temperature 26.7 to 27.8oC were in the suitable range but evidently the green bean faced deficiency of nutrients that are needed for fruiting. The nutritional management requires further investigations since the green bean pods are a rich source of human food, and maximum benefits from aquaponics can be derived through their production and faster growth of the fish. The trend of fish growth suggests that the biofertilizers will result in significant growth advantage if the treatment is carried out over a longer faming period. Keywords : Integrated aquculture Nutrient dynamics Water quality Production efficiency System modulation Ecological footprint