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Aquaculture Studies 2022, Vol 22, Num, 1     (Pages: AQUAST621)

Potential Application of PCR Based Molecular Methods in Fish Pathogen Identification: A Review

Md. Ali Arman Ador 1 ,Md. Shameul Haque 1 ,Sulav Indra Paul 1 ,Jui Chakma 1 ,Rakib Ehsan 1 ,Ashikur Rahman 1

1 Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh DOI : 10.4194/2618-6381/AQUAST621 Viewed : 1426 - Downloaded : 2281 Molecular biology developments have led to fast growth in new methods for fish disease diagnosis. Molecular diagnostic methods are rapid and more specific, more sensitive than the culture of pathogens, serology, histology, and biochemical methods which are traditionally utilized to identify causative agent fish disease. Molecular diagnostic methods are valuable for detecting specific pathogens that are difficult to culture in vitro or require a long cultivation period and it significantly more rapid in providing results compared to culture. It enables earlier informed decision-making and rapid diagnosis of bacteremia, particularly for low levels of bacteria in specimens. Molecular techniques which have the major significance are mainly PCR-based molecular diagnostic methods including Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (multiplex-PCR), and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD). These have been increasingly utilized to diagnose fish disease for the last recent years. Molecular diagnostic methods can detect pathogens from asymptomatic fish, so disease outbreaks could be prevented. As a consequence, antibiotic treatment can be reduced and the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria can be eliminated. In this review paper, we attempt to summarize the potentiality of PCR-based molecular diagnostic methods and their application in fish pathogen identification Keywords : Molecular diagnosis, PCR, RT-PCR, Multiplex-PCR, Fish pathogen